Posted on: 23 Mar, 2021 | Reading Time: 4 mins read
Loading / Unloading Operations
Loading of hazardous chemicals into drums and barrels so that it can be transported to various plants across India is a common operation. Similarly unloading of these hazardous chemicals at the recipient site for further processing occurs on a daily basis.
The above two processes requires well designed protocols and procedures as any failures during this operation can have catastrophic results. We have seen that most industrial plants have formalized standard operating procedure when loading and unloading hazardous chemicals. Some of the common safety considerations are as per below:
The above is a small list of considerations when designing your SOP. After the product has been loaded into the drums both ends of the drum are capped and a seal is crimped onto the caps to prevent any tampering. At the receiving end the seal is removed and the drum caps have to be opened using a drum opener.
Various plants employ different types of caps to seal the 2 ends of the drum. Unfortunately this activity had received little attention and correct SOP was missing for the past few decades. However this behavior is now changing and we are seeing many plants adopting best practices.
Those plants handling drums & barrels with hazardous equipment need to use non-sparking drum openers. As identified earlier, loading/unloading operations is fraught with challenges. Static electricity is not the only source of ignition. Steel tools used for this operation can also be a source of a spark as the tools may collide with each other or with the drum or some other components in the vicinity to create a spark. If there were any leaks or vapors formed these sparks can ignite the vapors creating a potentially catastrophic chain of reactions leading to loss of life and property.
Non-sparking drum openers and bung wrenches are available for the industry and these should be employed in any plant handling hazardous liquids. These tools are available in various designs so that they can be used on the different types of caps used on the drums. Many plants are using hacks or ‘juggad’ tools for this purpose. This practice needs to stop and operators should use tools designed for the task at hand. This ensures maximum safety.
OSHA – Occupational Safety and Health Administration of the United States clearly mandates non-sparking tools when opening or closing benzene containers.
This rule can be extrapolated to any hazardous liquid.
Our range of bung wrenches and drum openers are designed with all the different applications that exist in the various industries. We list is a few tools that are perfect for your plant.
Below are a few of our drum openers and bung wrenches that can work on a variety of plug caps:
Circular Bung Wrench
This is the most popular tool as it is capable of opening 8 different types of caps and provides the best ergonomics for the user
Figure 3 – Circular Bung Wrench for different plug caps of Drums
American Bung Wrench
This tool is popular for MS Barrels and Drums imported from the United States and is designed to fit the various drum caps employed in the US
Figure 2 – American Type Bung Wrench
Standard Bung Wrench
Below is a standard bung wrench which is used in most FMCG, Breweries & Distilleries, Paint Industries and many
Figure 4 – Standard Bung Wrench
Drum Opener with Pin Hook
This Drum Opener serves in 2 ways – it helps with breaking the seal of the drum and the tool can then be used to open both the 70mm and 35mm plug-cap
Figure 5 – Drum Opener with a Pin Hook
Besides the drum openers and bung wrenches our range of tools also includes a Drum Cutter. The Drum Cutter is useful for cutting open a 200 litre MS Drum head
Figure 6 – Drum Cutter for 200 litre MS Drum
Drum Cap-Seal Crimping Tool
Loading operations usually require the drum plug cap to be crimped with a tamper-proof seal. We also have the following Crimping Tool for this purpose:
Figure 7 – Drum Plug Cap Seal Crimper
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